Keep you skin hydrated! Use a moisturizer! Lock in moisture! Every beauty brand talk about how they keep your skin hydrated, and rightly so. Hydrated skin usually appears younger and more vital than dry skin. Dry skin can also be itchy and less resistant so there are more reasons than vanity to keep your skin hydrated. To lock in moisture you need two types of ingredients – oils & moisturizing factors. Oils are well known – there is a wide spectrum of natural oils that are used in skin care. But what are moisturizing factors?
Moisturizing factors work like “water magnets.” They are fairly small in size and easily absorbed by the top layers of the skin. Since they attract water they “pull” moisture from the surrounding air and “secure” it in the skin. (Then the oils create a protective barrier on top of the skin, but that’s an entire new post. More on that later). Here’re some great moisturizing factors to have in your skin care:
Glycerine – “the go to” of moisturizing factors
Glycerine, is a small hydrophilic (water-loving) molecule. In it’s natural form it is a thick, transparent liquid, like syrup. It’s natural, safe and very commonly used in beauty products. It helps the skin lock in moisture and enhances the skin barrier. Also it give the skin a more youthful look.
Hyaluronic acid – my favourite
HA occurs naturally in your body, it is used as a lubricant for the joints, space filling and plays a part in wound and injury healing. The main part of HA is found in your skin. It has enormous water retention capabilities, up to 6 liters of water per 1 g HA. When you’re young you have a high content of HA in your skin, however the level decreases with age. The loss of HA is one of the reasons for loss of plumpness & drying of your skin. Hyaluronic acid is one of my favorite ingredients and you can find it in our My Night formulations.
Carbamide – the founder of moisturizing factors
Carbamide has been used for over a century and occurs naturally in the skin. Studies show that formulations containing 5-10% of carbamide can reduce the skin’s water loss. However you will probably have difficulty finding the exact amount of carbaminde in your product, since brands usually do not like to share this.
There are other moisturizing factors, for example sorbitol, propylene glycol & glycolic acid.
Check your products today – which moisturizing factors can you find?